Text Box: Wellness
Text Box: Page #
Text Box: “If a child doubts his ability, he no longer seeks to belong through usefulness, participation and contributions.  He is discouraged and uses useless and provocative behavior to get attention
Encouragement is “a continuous process aimed at giving a sense of self-respect” and a sense of accomplishment.
1 Drikurs, Rudolf (1964). Children: The Challenge. New York: Hawthorn Books
2 Evans, Timothy (1997). The Tools of Encouragement Reaching Today’s Youth. National Education Service

“ I think you can do it”
“You have what it takes”
“You’re a hard worker”
“What do you think?”
“I could use your help”
“It looks like a problem occurred.”
“What can we do to solve the problem?”

“You put a lot of effort into your work”
“You’re a fine person”
“I know you did your best”

“Here, let me do that for you”
“Be careful; it’s dangerous”
“Don’t forget your assignment”
“Let me give you some advice”
“When you are older, you can help”
“I told you to be careful”

“I’m proud of you when you do well”
“You did better than anyone else”
“Next time, work harder and get and A” 2
Text Box: Changes in eating and sleeping habits
Physical complaints like headaches or stomachaches
Lack of enthusiasm
Decreased energy
Aggressive play  or sad themes
Indecision, lack of concentration
Feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt
Thoughts of death or suicide

Text Box: The happy carefree days of childhood.  Who would have thought it could lead one in 8 teens and one in 33 children to feelings of depression.
Depression is not just feeling sad or having a bad day.  It is not the feelings of grief that follow a major loss in the family.  It is not a character flaw of which children, teens or adults just snap out of it.
Signs of depression
Persistent sadness
Withdrawal from family, friends and activities that were once enjoyed
Increased irritability or agitation
Text Box: What can I do?
Know the warning signs and note the duration , frequency and severity
Get accurate information from libraries, hotlines and professionals
Take the child to see a mental health professional for evaluation and diagnosis.
Ask questions about treatments and services.  A comprehensive treatment plan may include psychotherapy, ongoing evaluation and in some cases medication.  A treatment plan is developed with the family and child.
Talk to other families and find support.
Text Box: Childhood Depression
Text Box:  Words of Encouragement

The many ways to discourage a child
High expectations
Focusing on mistakes
Pessimistic interpretations
Being too helpful

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